What exactly are problem behaviors?
Problem behaviors are those problems that aren't considered tolerable. They are steady states which seriously affect the efficiency of communication and learning of a child. Overall, problem behavior refers to agitation, aggression, and impulsivity. These factors can lead to undeveloped social and practical skills. For instance, problem behaviors prevent the child from practicing the skills he already possesses and makes it difficult to complete his development.
Behavioral problems are treatable through parental discipline techniques or the help of a professional. The first step is identifying the cause of the problem.
How do you know that your child has a problem behavior?
To better understand children's behavior, it's helpful to recognize common issues that children with behavioral disorders experience.
If you recognize the following signs in your children's behavior, it may suggest that he is suffering from a behavioral disorder or issue.
In some cases, what appears to be defiance may likely be a child who lingers because he is so focused on an activity. Understanding what's behind your child's behavior is an essential part of addressing the problem of a child who seems to be defying you.
On the other hand, challenging behavior that persists for a prolonged period and interferes with a child's performance at school and his relationship with family and friends can be a sign of something called ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder).
For children who have ODD, the defiance is a characteristic of behaviors such as temper tantrums or aggression that often seems inappropriate for a child's age. Children who have ODD may also exhibit other problems such as depression, anxiety, or ADHD.
All children are losing their concentration from time to time, and this is a regular part of behavior whether youngsters are at the preschool stage, middle school age, and adolescents at high school. Attention spans in very young children are short.
If they are undertaking tasks, they regard it as tedious or boring, tend to lose interest quickly, it may be a sign of a behavioral issue. The first thing to do when your children seem to be over inattentive is to compare their behavior with other children of the same age.
If, however, you notice that your child repeatedly struggles to concentrate, or they continually move from one task to another without completing any, this may be a sign of ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder).
3. Physical aggressivity
Aggression can take many forms: angry tantrums, hitting, kicking, biting, verbal attacks, attempts to control others.
In most of the cases, children burst out because they consider a problem being too big for them. This fact means that they haven't learned how to control their impulses yet.
In other cases, children may have encountered some stressful events in life, which had a significant impact on their lives. We can find this type of behavior at children who suffer from CD (Conduct disorder).
4. Antisocial behavior
Antisocial behavior combines perfectly with aggressive manifestations. As a definition, antisocial behaviors are disruptive acts characterized by overt conflicts and intentional aggression toward others.
You can identify it at young children as three or four years of age. Hidden antisocial behaviors also include high-risk activities that involve themselves and those around them.
The principal causes of problem behavior
The most important aspects which have a considerable contribution to children's actions are the genetics of a child and the environment.
Temperament is controlled by genetics, according to the North Carolina State University Cooperative Extension. Therefore, we can say that children's behavior is a product of his temperament. A child with a stable character is more likely to have behavior problems than a child with a mild personality.
Moreover, environmental conditions shape aggressive tendencies like the stressful life events, the pressures, threats, opportunities, and consequences that children experience. To sum up, children are more likely to develop aggressive behavior problems if they experience lots of early life stress in their family.
Another factor that contributes to children's actions is poor parenting. While ineffective discipline attributes to authoritarian and permissive parenting styles, little research has examined the relationship between parenting style and childhood behavioral problems.
Thus, this study aimed to clarify the effects of authoritarian and permissive parenting on children's externalizing and internalizing behaviors during the preschool-to-elementary-school. Various aspects of parenting may contribute to violent behavior in children. I list five parenting flaws in particular: inadequate supervision, harsh discipline, parental disharmony, and limited involvement in the child's activities.
Authoritarian parents use requests and expectations to discipline their children and only allow them minimal self-government. This type of parenting is negatively associated with children's psychosocial development. Children of authoritarian parents may have low self-esteem, be less content and less secure, and have negative attitudes toward the world.
On the other hand, permissive parenting has low solicitations and high responsiveness. Some characteristics of permissive parenting are lack of monitoring, control, and discipline. Permissive parenting happens when parents fail to set limits and do not expect the proper behavior of their children.
Children of permissive parents present characteristics such as narcissistic tendencies, social irresponsibility, and self-centered motivation. Non-restrictive parents are likely to be negatively associated with children's psychological and social behavior.
Consequently, both authoritarian and permissive parenting styles are potentially harmful to children's psychosocial development.
We have a debate over what role the mass-media has and what shows to the children: violent scenes on televisions, in movies, and video games. Research has found that media influences children's beliefs and behaviors in terms of violence and aggression.
Heavy television viewing has been linked with attention-deficit disorder and diminished academic performance, as well as hypertension, asthma, mood disorders, psychological distress, and depression. Screen time likely impacts children's behavior and capacity to pay attention via several mechanisms as it leads to sleep disturbances and adversely affects brain development.
Children also learn and behave from what they view. Significantly, even toddlers showed to imitate behaviors they have seen on a screen. More importantly, young children pay more considerable attention to visual images rather than the plot, so they are often unable to understand the storyline or moral lesson and are less able to separate reality from fiction.
More importantly, young children pay more considerable attention to visual images rather than the plot, so they are often unable to understand the storyline or moral lesson and are less able to separate reality from fiction. Visual images can also be frightening for the young child—and these images can remain in the child's subconscious for a long time, causing nightmares and other sleep disturbances.
Another vital aspect to mention is that the media could have an impact also on academic performances in the future. The researchers found "each hour of average daily television viewing before age three years was associated with deleterious effects" in several scales evaluating reading recognition and comprehension.
Solutions for handling problem behavior
Struggling with a child's problem behavior can be stressful and demoralizing. It may affect your resilience, your sense of optimism, and your well-being. You can reconsider the parent-child relationship in a destructively way and makes you think you are not capable of coping with this problem. I'm here to prevent this because I have created a list of a few pieces of advice on how to handle problem behavior.
• Don't react. If you respond to your children's aggression by yelling back at them, you will end up teaching them the wrong thing because he will do the same in return. A child will always look upon his parents and see them as examples of good people. So rather than screaming at them, you can lower your voice tone and calmly explain to the child what you have to say. That way, the child will learn how to control their impulses and emotions.
• Empathize with them and try to understand how they feel. Try to find different methods in which your child can get the idea that they should not hit, bite, or kick. Saying something to him could make it clear in his mind that hitting and kicking are not allowed.
• Find methods to keep them focused when they need to complete a task. We can treat children's inattention by telling them stories. Storytelling is yet another activity that makes them curious, engages their imagination, and lets them positively use their energy.
• Disciplining is necessary, and you must think about ways you can catch a child's attention besides letting him sit in front of a TV screen, or play games on cell phones and tablets unless they could see educative things on them. You can replace the time they spend in front of a television with some interactive activities to help them give up on stress and aggressivity. Exercise or physical activities are perhaps the best means to blow steam off. Getting them to play outside would help relieve them of the energy.
• Last but not least, be a role model for your child. To improve your kid's problem behavior, you must have to reflect on your actions and attitudes to everything that happens to you first. Children learn by observation and imitate what you do because they assume that their parents know the best.
• Stay positive. When you consider your child as a problem, you cannot find effective ways to deal with his behavior. Focus on rectifying the behavior.
According to discipline, I can say that "Fluent AAC" is one of the few apps which allows children to make use of the time spent in front of a screen for educational purposes. While the child is learning to communicate fast and efficiently, he also gets access to a stunning design.
The pictures in bright, vivid colors make it easier for the child to understand the words and keep them in mind. Due to this incredible design, the child will associate an action with the corresponding image. "Fluent AAC" is a way of interacting and recreating at the same time.